Alcohol addiction; It manifests itself in physiological, behavioral and cognitive changes that occur during alcohol use according to the behaviors of the individual.
Although alcohol use is as old as human history, alcohol dependence has been perceived as a disease recently. The definition of addiction was first made for alcohol.
Alcohol related problems are found in every social class. In the USA, it was found that there was a decrease in the socioeconomic levels in the alcohol-related disorder patients due to alcohol use as a recurrent disorder.
Problems associated with alcohol dependence in high school periods are associated with a history of school difficulties. Those who leave high school or have serious absences and criminal records have a high risk of alcohol dependence.
Approximately 200,000 deaths per year are directly related to alcohol dependence.
The most common causes of alcohol-related death; It is a disease of heart, cancer, heart disease and liver disease.
Even though people who do not always get diagnosed with alcohol dependence in fatal accidents, drunk drivers are responsible for approximately half of the fatal accidents.
50% of the killings and 25% of the self-destructs were related to alcohol use or alcohol dependence.
Alcohol dependence shortens the life expectancy of the person by 10 years and takes the first place in the deaths due to substance.
The most common psychiatric diagnoses with alcohol dependence;
Disorders related to other substances,
Antisocial personality disorder,
Although the above data are controversial, it is suggested that people with alcohol dependence have a higher rate of self-destruction than the general population.
How to Tell Alcohol Addiction?
Patients who are very drunk, who go to the doctor because of problems, and who apply to the hospital because of severe biological symptoms, constitute a small part of all alcohol addicts.
It is important for the physician to recognize the alcohol addiction problem early.
If the physician obtains the following findings and symptoms as physical examination and laboratory tests, the person may think that he / she is alcohol addiction and the story may be deepened.
Cigarette burns on fingers,
Painless growth in KC
Severe upper abdominal pain (depending on pancreatitis),
Slimming of arms and legs,
Force and sense reduction,
In laboratory findings, GGT elevation, decrease in MCV, triglycerides, uric acid and urea.
What are the effects of alcohol?
Alcohol affects all cells of the body, but most affects the brain cells. For this reason, the effects first appear in behaviors.
It causes an increase in blood lipid level by causing some changes in liver cells which is the first place in alcohol dependence.
It has a negative effect on the pancreas and causes a disorder in sugar metabolism.
It has an effect on the absorption of vitamins and nutrients which have negative effects on digestive system cells.
Alcohol dependence affects brain cells and causes many problems such as memory impairment, sleep disturbance, weakness in impulse control.
Most of these disorders due to alcohol dependence are disorders that are likely to improve after alcohol withdrawal.
Is Alcohol Addiction Genetic?
The finding that supports the genetic view is that the chance of having an intense alcohol problem in close relatives of alcoholics is 3 or 4 times higher.
As the number of relatives with alcohol dependence increases, the rate of alcohol-related problems increases.
The link between the affinity of the degree of affinity and the severity of the diseases is still under investigation.
Family research is less than recognizing the importance of genetics and the environment, while twin studies are one step ahead.
Although children were removed from the biological family in the near term and were not aware of the problem in the biological family, the likelihood or concordance rate for severe alcohol dependence problems was higher in those with alcoholic parents.