Asthma Symptoms And Treatment Methods

Health News

Asthma that affects breathing in the air with narrowing of the airways and continuing life-long attacks affects 300 million people in the world. In order to control asthma attacks, it is necessary to protect against triggering factors. Specialists of the Department of Chest Diseases, Memorial Ataşehir Hospital gave information about asthma.

In Turkey, 7 out of every 100 adults and 15 out of every 100 children develop asthma disease as a result of the combined action of genetic and environmental triggers. In asthmatic diseases which affect the quality of life, the triggering factors are avoided and if the drugs given are used properly, complaints are kept under control and attacks can be prevented. Thus, the process leading to respiratory failure is prevented.

What is Asthma?

It is hypersensitive to environmental factors of asthma pathways. There is swelling of the membrane called mucosa laying in the airways and airways. This swelling prevents airflow from time to time, causing respiratory distress. These periods are called asthma attacks.

What is Allergic Asthma?

Allergic asthma occurs especially in spring and summer. In particular, allergic rhinitis, which affects about 20-25% of the population and is common in women, can cause asthma if not treated. Allergies; Allergen develops as a result of an abnormal response of the nose to small particles. In some people, these particles can cause allergic asthma in the lungs and allergic conjunctivitis in the eyes. Environmental factors and genetic predisposition play a major role in the occurrence of allergies.

What are the symptoms of asthma?

Asthma manifests itself in attacks caused by blockage of airways. Symptoms of asthma usually include; cough, shortness of breath, wheezing and chest chest tightness. Asthma symptoms help to diagnose asthma; they are repetitive, occur at night and in the morning, are exposed to some allergen substances or are triggered after exercise. These symptoms do not occur between attacks and asthma patients feel good among the attacks. The diagnosis of asthma is made through detailed patient history, examination findings and pulmonary function tests. General symptoms of asthma are as follows;

  • Cough (usually dry and can awaken in sleep at night that is in crisis.)
  • Wheeze breathing
  • Congestion and tightness in the chest
  • Whistle while breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Risk Factors Causing Asthma

Risk factors for asthma may vary according to the individual and environmental factors. Accordingly, risk factors for asthma may be listed as follows;

Having asthma in the family,

Carpentry, joinery, furniture, bakery, hairdressing, health personnel, veterinary medicine, poultry farming, welding, foundry, farming, plastic / rubber / chemical / pharmaceutical industries, tea / tobacco production, railway work, firefighting, dry cleaning, cleaning workmanship some professions,

  • Excessive exposure to allergen substances during infancy,
  • To have severe respiratory problems from 2 years of age,
  • The mother’s smoking during pregnancy (risk factor for the baby),
  • Smoking in parents,
  • In the mother’s womb, the baby’s undernourishment and low weighted birth

When to apply for a doctor in asthma?

  • If asthma symptoms persist, seek medical advice immediately.
  • If coughs, wheezing, chest tightness occur more often than once a week,
  • Complaints awaken from sleep at night,
  • If you have difficulty speaking,
  • If there is bruising on the lips and nails,
  • If there is excessive heart rate and heart rate acceleration,
  • If you have difficulty in walking, you should consult your pediatrician as soon as possible.

Leave a reply