Lung Cancer Symptoms, Life Time and Treatment

Health News

Although the most common cause of lung cancer that can be treated when diagnosed at early stages may appear to be smoking, non-smokers may also have lung cancer . The specialists of the Memorial Oncology Department answered questions about lung cancer .

What is Lung Cancer?

The most important task of the body is to remove oxygen from the body during the vital activities and to ensure the removal of carbon dioxide in the lungs and cells in the uncontrolled proliferation of lung cancer occurs. Uncontrolled, these masses grow up in the environment and can spread to the surrounding tissues and damage. Lung cancer is divided into small cell (oat cell) lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer.

Non- small cell lung cancer: There are many types of non-small cell lung cancer. The type of cancer cells of each type is different. Each cancer cell grows differently and spreads in different ways. The types of non-small cell lung cancer are determined by microscopy and are determined by the type of cells in the cancer tissue and by the appearance of the cells:

Squamous cell carcinoma: It originates from squamous cells that appear thin and flat like a herringbone. It is also called epidermoid carcinoma.

Adenocarcinoma: It is caused by cells that exhibit secretory properties.

Large cell carcinoma: It is a cancer that is seen in the microscope, where large and abnormal cells are seen.

Adenosquamous carcinoma: It is the cancer that starts from the cells that appear flattened by microscope and also shows diaper properties.

Pleomorphic, sarcomatoid, or sarcomatous carcinoma: Microscopy is a group of cancer with different types of cancer cells.

Carcinoid tumor: slow-growing, neuroendocrine (starting from cells that secrete hormones as a result of nerve stimulation) cancer.

Small Cell Lung Cancer

Small cell lung cancers contain roughly 15% of all lung cancers. Generally, smoking is seen in patients who drink. According to other types of lung cancer, the lymphatic system and blood is more rapidly spread through the body.

What is the incidence of lung cancer in men and women?  

Lung cancer is a type of cancer that is mostly seen in men due to smoking. Because men have a higher rate of smoking than women. Age factor can also be considered as one of the causes of lung cancer.Lung cancer is mostly seen 55 years or older. But this; smoking age varies according to the age of smoking, the frequency of smoking and exposure to various types of carcinogenic substances. Lung cancer is rarely seen under 45 years of age, but is generally diagnosed at the age of 50-70 years. Because of the high risk of life-threatening lung cancer, new treatment methods and early diagnosis, the rate of recovery is increasing every day. Approximately 1.3 million people worldwide die from lung cancer every year. In our country, 30-40 thousand people are diagnosed with lung cancer every year. B ir years in our country, the number of patients with smoking-induced lung cancerAlthough it is not clear, 80-90% of lung cancer cases can be said to be non-smoking. Early diagnosis is very important in lung cancer. Because lung cancer often has the ability to rapidly spread to the bones, liver, brain and adrenal glands. 

Lung cancer is one of the most life-threatening cancers and the easiest to prevent. The highest risk of lung cancer in 50-70 years of age increases after 35 years of age. Cancer is much faster in women than men. 25 years ago, lung cancer is seen in 1 woman versus 11 men, nowadays, almost 1 in 2 women is diagnosed with lung cancer and the main reason is that women are now smoking a lot.

Lung Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms of lung cancer may vary depending on the site of residence. A mass located in the upper part of the lung can cause pain in the arm and shoulder, hoarseness, and low eyelid pressure by compressing some nerves. These symptoms can be neglected because they can be seen in many diseases. Any upper respiratory tract infection, lung infection, musculoskeletal pain can lead to these complaints. If the duration of these symptoms exceeds several weeks, consult a doctor immediately. Some of the symptoms of lung cancer are as follows;

  • Continuous, wheezing
  • Overcoming and worsening cough
  • Bloody Phlegm
  • Loss of appetite and attenuation
  • Chest pain
  • Hoarseness
  • Difficulty in swallowing

The most common symptoms of lung cancer are persistent coughs. In addition, chest pain, shortness of breath, fever, hoarseness, swelling of the face and neck, shoulder and arm pain, back pain, difficulty in swallowing and bloody sputum symptoms such as lung cancer symptoms . Bloody sputum that comes with cough is seen in a quarter of lung cancer patients. Lung cancer symptoms include head and bone pain, fatigue, and fatigue.

Lung Cancer Advances Without Symptom

The symptoms of lung cancer are sometimes quite insidious. Almost a quarter of patients have cancer without any symptoms. Most people learn that lung cancer is caused by lung X-rays due to another disease. Therefore, routine controls are of vital importance in the early stage of lung cancer. If lung cancer is diagnosed in early stages, the chances of success in treatment are quite high. With advances in imaging techniques such as low-dose spiral computed tomography, lung cancer can now be detected at an early stage. 

Causes of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the largest cause of smoking, non-smokers can be found in lung cancer. When we look at all cases of lung cancers, 15% of the patients have never smoked. Having a smoking environment increases the risk of lung cancer. The risk of lung cancer can be reduced by 50 percent for 10 years by staying away from smoking. Products such as cigarettes, pipes, cigars and hookahs are the most important risk factors for cancer. Outside smoking; genetic transition, asbestos, air pollution is also one of the causes of lung cancer. Some lung diseases such as tuberculosis may increase the risk of radiotherapy to the lungs. High level of arsenic in drinking water is also an important reason. An increase in lung cancer has been observed in recent years due to the fact that women also consume more and more cigarettes.

Is it possible to protect against cancer-causing factors?

The most important cause of lung cancer is to stop smoking or not to start if you do not smoke. There was a decrease in cigarette dependence through anti-smoking campaigns and a significant reduction in the incidence of lung cancer. Radon gas, which is among the other causes of lung cancer, does not have a measurable method. It is not possible to protect from the Aspest material.

Lung Cancer DiagnosisDiagnosis of lung cancerTo reach an audience set first on an x-ray. It is questioned whether the person is suffering from diseases, tobacco (cigarette, pipe, cigar, etc.), environmental or occupational exposure, and other family members. If lung cancer is suspected, sputum examination (sputum cytology; examination of the material from the mucosa in the lungs with deep cough under microscope) may also be requested by the physician. This is a simple and useful test to detect lung cancer. The doctor may need to examine the lung tissue to ensure cancer. This review is to determine the type of cancer (non-small cell or small cell) and the state of metastasis or cancer. Then, computed tomography is performed to determine how to reach the audience. Fine needle biopsy or bronchoscopy is the most appropriate way to reach the mass. As a result of biopsy, lung cancer is diagnosed. If the disease has spread to other organs, it can be taken from those organs to be diagnosed. After the diagnosis,lung cancer stages .

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