Ear diseases are frequently encountered by many people. There are several varieties of ear diseases whose symptoms are very pronounced. Ear diseases which cannot be self-diagnosed should be checked by the doctor and treatment should be started. Otherwise, permanent damage to the ears is likely.
The part of the ear that comes after the eardrum is called the middle ear. Sound transmission is provided with the help of hammer, anvil and stirrup in the middle ear. The middle ear has a channel opening into the nasal cavity and this channel is called the Eustachian tube. The task of the Eustachian tube is to balance the pressure of the ear by providing air to the middle ear.
Inflammation of the middle ear is a disease often encountered in children is caused by bacteria in this disease. There are two types of otitis media. Acute middle ear inflammation and chronic otitis media.
Acute ear inflammation develops suddenly. If the person is experiencing any throat infection, the throat will swell. In this case, the Eustachian tube closes. With the closure of the Eustachian tube, bacteria accumulate in the middle ear, which accumulates in the middle ear.
as the name suggests, is a recurrent inflammatory state. The chronicity of
the disease is understood by looking at the number of recurrences of the
disease. If the disease repeats more than 3 times a month, we can
understand that it is chronic. Chronicity is a condition that shows us
that there are other diseases.
What are the symptoms of otitis media?
The symptoms of
tympanic inflammation are as follows;
– Ear and surrounding pain (more pronounced in children)
– Hearing loss
– Sudden rising fire
– Feeling of fullness in the ear The
pain varies depending on the pressure increase. When the pressure is increased, the pressure increases. In some cases, the tympanic membrane may be punctured due to excess pressure. If the tympanic membrane is punctured, there is a flow of blood or greenish liquid.
How to Diagnose
After the ear
examination with an instrument called otoscope, the type of otitis media can be
determined according to the symptoms. If the eardrum is swollen and
reddened, it can be said that bacteria accumulate. If the eardrum
collapsed inward, this did not cause inflammation. This is an indication
that the Eustachian tube is closed.
If the condition is related to chronic inflammation, a number of other methods are required. Hearing test and detection of hearing loss are examples of this detailed research. If there is an increase in pressure in the middle ear, pressure measurement should be performed in this case. The patient may need to be operated and a decision can be made as a result of computed tomography and film shooting.
How is it treated?
If acute inflammation is to be treated,
penicillin-type drugs are used to destroy the bacteria that cause inflammation
in the ear. The use of the drugs is continued for 2 weeks. Acute
inflammation does not cause any problems if adequate treatment is
In serous inflammation (increased pressure in the middle ear) drug treatment is used and if the drug treatment is not successful, pressure reduction is applied. A small operation is performed and the fluid in the ear is drained. If there is an allergic inflammation, some foods may be prohibited. Treatment should not be halted at this point. Because, in such cases, serious problems can occur that may cause the bones in the ear to dissolve or cause hearing loss.
Chronic ear inflammation is a condition that requires surgery. Inflammation may spread to other organs or cause the ear bones to dissolve. It may cause hearing loss or form meningitis.
Middle ear surgery is an operation performed by scratching the eardrum or inserting the tube into the ear. Cut the cut to the ear membrane so that the accumulated fluid in the ear is emptied. If the fluid accumulated in the ear is too sticky, it cannot be completely emptied. In this case, the tube is inserted into the eardrum. This tube is a tube used to allow air to pass through the eardrum.
If surgery is not performed, hearing loss increases. If the hearing loss is low, there is no emergency operation if there is not much fluid accumulation in the ear. However, if the current is too much and the hearing loss is in an increasing position, the surgery should be performed immediately.