What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

Health News

He touched upon the symptoms of kidney stones. Dr. Tunç Özdemir stated that the risk of disease in males is 1 in 10 and in females 35-40 in 1. Özdemir emphasized that kidney stones are most common between the ages of 20-25 and gave detailed information about risk factors, precautions to be taken and treatment methods.

Kidney and urinary stone disease is threatening public health worldwide. At any one in ten people in the society, stone is formed at any stage of its life, but the deterioration in nutrition, lifestyle and environmental factors causes the disease to be more common.

The risk of stone dropping throughout the life is 1 in 10 males in males and 1 in 35 to 40 females. Sisli Florence Nightingale Hospital, Department of Urology, Assoc. Dr. Tunç Özdemir points out that the most common kidney stones are between the ages of 20 and 25 years old. Genetic susceptibility is an important risk factor in stone formation. “


The relationship between stone disease and air temperature has long been known; The reason for the higher incidence of disease in summer is the increasing temperatures. In fact , we know that the incidence of stone disease is 3-4 times higher than the normal population in business groups exposed to constant heat. Therefore, especially in the families of patients with urinary system stone disease should stay away from the heat and should be consumed more water.


Stone disease is more common in management and office workers. Although it will be more appropriate to evaluate the relationship between occupational groups and stone disease with the nutritional habits, exposure to heat and water intake in the working environment, it is useful for those who have jobs with limited physical activity to interrupt their work and exercise at least on foot. Regular sports and drinking plenty of water (2.5 – 3 liters per day) is very important to ensure that particles that can cause stone formation in the collector system of the kidney can be expelled from the urinary tract system as soon as possible.


The formation of stones in the kidney is caused by the combination of many factors, in summary, kidney stones, normally caused by the disruption of the balance of salt and minerals in the urine. Especially environmental factors such as nutrition style and climate cause condensation, aggregation and accumulation of ip stones birleş in urine. These crystals rapidly form after forming and form kidney stones. Normally, there are substances in the urine that prevent this crystallization and collapse and are called inhibitors. These inhibitors may not be sufficient in every human being and this is an important cause of stone formation .


One of the important factors in the kidneys and urinary tract stone formation in recent years is the content of consumed foods and beverages. Less liquid consumption increases the formation of stones. Some foods increase the risk of stone formation: among these nutrients, excessive amounts of protein (red meat, milk and dairy products), spinach, salt, sugar and bakery products, offal products, chocolate, dark tea, coffee, cola, beer and soda are counted.


The increase in stone disease around the world is thought to be an important factor in protein – carbohydrate – rich, fiber – poor food – fast food habits . The regulation of nutritional habits of individuals has become very important in this respect , and the use of certain drugs such as diuretic-diuretics, antacid and thyroid drugs, calcium and vitamin D and vitamin C increase the risk.


Pain is the most common symptom, and severe, often called alt cavity ık in a knife-stabbed manner, starting from the bottom of the ribs and from the back to the groin . The severity of pain may occasionally increase or decrease. It may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, bleeding in the urine and burning .

Non-symptomatic kidney stones may also be present. These stones can only be detected accidentally during examinations or during other tests.The most important approach in the diagnosis of the disease is a detailed patient history and a rigorous physical examination.


Contrary to popular belief, all kidney stones are not of the same structure. For this reason, not all stones, especially in medicated treatment, cannot be treated in the same way. . There is a need for drug treatments for lowering stones and reducing pain in small stones. Open stone surgery, which has been frequently used in the past, is hardly used today and ön stone-breaking treatment with sound waves outside the body dal, which is frequently used until 10-15 years, is less practiced today due to other effective and practical methods. The most commonly used methods are endoscopic-closed surgical approaches. These methods;

Endoscopic ureter stone surgery

Closed kidney stone surgery

With flexible URS, the stones in the chambers of the kidney are broken by laser method.

95 percent of success rate! While the success rate varies depending on the size of the stone and exactly where it is located, the rate of stonelessness in a single session is between 85-90 percent and 95 percent in the second session.

Recovery time is short; Shortness of hospital stay and recovery process is very fast and it is the least advantage to kidney function. Due to the fact that it is a completely endoscopic method, in the treatment of the stones of patients who have to take blood thinner medication, the need for cutting of the pre-medications is made superior to the other methods.


-To take the necessary measures to grow the existing stones and clean the stones by appropriate methods, to analyze the type of stones taken and taken down, they should consult with experienced centers dealing with this subject for accumulation and examination purposes.

– People who have a common stone disease in their family and frequently encounter with stone formation should go through genetic and metabolic examinations in experienced centers in this regard

-For your right amount and way

It is recommended to take plenty of water (2.5 liters per day), and to keep the daily urine output over 2 liters, mainly water. However, fluid intake should be spread at all hours of the day. A glass of water every hour is the most practical and ideal. Cola, soda drinks should be avoided.

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