Anxiety disorder is one of the psychological disorders. 18% of the society under the influence of this problem increases more and more can reach the disease level. It is possible to treat anxiety disorder which is extremely tiring and reduces the quality of life.
What is an anxiety disorder?
Anxiety in psychology, known as anxiety, is a signal that, in dangerous situations, olarak informs the body that it must be ready to challenge Psik. When the natural and necessary anxiety is felt, breathing and heart rate are accelerated and more oxygen is delivered to the muscles. Thus, the body prepares itself for dangerous situations. When it is necessary to recognize dangerous situations, the person waits with this impulse. This so-called natural anxiety helps in situations such as sudden intervention in the steering wheel in any dangerous situation in traffic and better performance in the exam. In fact, worrying is necessary to deal with problems in daily life and to make quick decisions when faced with vital situations.
Anxiety disorder is a feeling of anxiety when there is no danger, it should be continued for a long time and it feels very strong and if this is the case, treatment is necessary. Severe anxiety disorder can make people very uncomfortable and can make it difficult to perform their functions in daily life. Persons with anxiety disorders are also negatively affected by their relationships with others.
People with anxiety are often aware of the intense feeling of anxiety. But they cannot control themselves and calm down. When the condition reaches this level, people should be treated for a healthy life.
What are the symptoms of anxiety?
- To think that it is self-worthy and worthless
- Believing it’s hard to talk with others
- Feel free to talk and eat in public
- Feeling weird, anxious, distressed and indistinctly weird
- To engage people’s minds with words
- Get out of the environment, run away
- Attract muscle pain
- Fast breathing
- Start shaking, shaking
- Feeling hopeless
- Always wanting to cry
- Not being concentrated
- Tired of quick
- Take Insomnia
- Difficult to remember
- Focus on sad situations
Watch out for your childhood!
Traumatic events, especially in childhood, lead to sensitivity in the brain’s fear processing mechanisms and lead to being more sensitive to stress factors. According to researches on anxiety, both environmental and genetic factors are involved in anxiety disorders that occur in childhood. Even if one of the above-mentioned anxiety disorder symptoms is present in children, it will be useful to obtain expert support without delay.
What are the risk factors of anxiety disorders?
It is highly probable that people who are involved in the factors listed below will have problems of anxiety.
- Hypersensitivity to separation events
- Anger and anger predisposition
- Physical or sexual abuse during childhood
- Stressful living spaces
- Problematic attachment patterns
- Predisposition to dispersion anxiety
What are the types of anxiety disorders?
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Repeated obsessive and obsessive behavior. People are in constant fear because of unintentional and evolving thoughts. In order to suppress these thoughts, the people werehes their hands, checking the door and checking whether the cooker was closed. Although this situation is considered as tan obsession Toplum in society, it is actually one of the psychological diseases. Anxiety may become worse if people do not perform these rituals. Because of these time-consuming obsessions, people cannot do what they need to do and get more tired.
Panic attack: Although it is not a vital situation, it is a strong anxiety and fear. Since the symptoms of panic attacks are very severe, people with panic attacks may feel paralyzed or have a heart attack. When a panic attack occurs, the heart rate and heart rate pulse are accelerated.
Although the symptoms of anxiety and panic attacks are similar, they are different problems. Anxiety is a constant uneasiness and a constant subconscious feeling. In a panic attack, the person feels attacked and in danger, thinks he will love it, his heart is quick and his breath is stopped. The attacks may last for a few minutes or several hours.
Posttraumatic stress: Fears and bodily reactions after a traumatic event. People are reliving these horrible events again. Physical pain and insomnia can be caused by post-traumatic stress.
Generalized anxiety disorder: Feeling anxious and anxious about everything. Home to enter the burglar, earthquake, loved ones, sickness, such as not to pay debts can not control the uncontrollable situation, the person is uneasy and can not sleep at night.
Agoraphobia: A person’s fear that he / she will not get help quickly if they experience anxiety. People with this discomfort do not want to be in distant places such as movie theaters, nature activities, public transportation vehicles.
Social phobia: In crowded environments, people have a fear of being humiliated or fooled. People with this discomfort are afraid to speak loudly in the crowd, to eat and to participate in invitations.
The exact cause of anxiety disorder such as many mental disorders cannot be understood. Some people may develop after a very stressful and traumatic event, and may occur in some people without cause.
Common anxiety disorder is seen due to the imbalance in some chemicals naturally found in the brain. These chemicals are serotonin and neropinephrine, which are called neurotransmitters. Anxiety disorder can be caused not only by the imbalance in brain chemicals, but also by the biological process of the body, environment and experience and genetic factors. Genetic and environmental factors, as well as the mental state and temperament of people are also closely related to anxiety.
How is anxiety diagnosed?
Anxiety test and diagnosis should be made by a person who is expert in his field if he / she starts to affect anxious thoughts, daily life and social environment. Since it is difficult to diagnose generalized anxiety disorder, it is very important to give a correct and correct answer to some questions that the expert will ask.
How is anxiety treatment done?
Psychological therapy and drug-related anxiety disorders are treated. The first thing to do is to consult a psychiatrist. Before starting the treatment, a comprehensive evaluation process is in progress. Various tests and investigations should be done to determine if anxiety symptoms are caused by physical illnesses.
Drug treatment: Various depressants (anti-depressants) are used to relieve anxiety symptoms for anxiety treatment.
Psychological therapy: With cognitive behavioral therapy and speech therapy, it is possible to learn how to place positive thoughts instead of negative thoughts. Cognitive behavioral therapy enables people to go to the root of the thoughts that cause anxiety and to acquire different behavioral habits to solve the problem.
One or both of these methods can be used for the treatment of anxiety. The doctor and the client decide together to determine which treatment is appropriate for the individual. The same anxiety treatment for everyone may not be appropriate.
What are the methods of coping with anxiety?
Breathing exercises: Proper breathing is extremely effective in calming. You can learn to breathe and re-focus by learning breathing exercises.
Standing up and keeping the body upright: When fear or danger is felt, the heart and lungs are protected by leaning forward with an impulse from the subconscious. Standing up and standing up will help you calm down by giving the message that everything is normal.
Implementation of the rule 3-3-3: When you feel the onset of anxiety crisis, you can calm down by applying the rule 3-3-3.
- Name the three things around you.
- Say the three voices you hear.
- Three parts of your body; Move your fingers, wrists and your arm.
Create an appointment: Make a note of all the details that concern you and set a time frame for thinking about them. So instead of living the same fears all day, you can set the time of day for that.
Concentrate on what you’re in : Focus on what you’re now instead of thinking about what’s going to happen in the future. Remind yourself that you have nothing to worry about.
Keep yourself busy: Try to find things that you might be busy with when you realize that the anxiety crisis is coming. Walking, reading books, watching movies / videos can help you get away from anxious thinking patterns and take control.
Stay away from sugar: because excess sugar consumption triggers anxiety, anxiety Avoid sugary foods as soon as you realize that the crisis came. Instead of eating protein foods instead of drinking water.