What is painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea)? Causes, symptoms and treatment of painful menstruation…

Health News Sexual Health

It is a medical term for painful menstrual cramps, ie cramps caused by uterine contractions in the medical language. Primary dysmenorrhea is a common form of menstrual (menstrual) cramps, while secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a defect in the reproductive organs. Both types can be treated. Now, let’s take a look at those who are interested in painful menstruation l Causes, symptoms and treatment of painful menstruation.

What is dysmenorrhea, ie, painful menstruation, which occurs in the groin or just before the menstrual period, in the abdomen and sometimes severe enough to restrict daily activities? What is painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea)? Find out about the causes, symptoms and treatment of painful menstruation.


Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for menstrual bleeding. There are two types of dysmenorrhea: “primary“ and ore secondary dis.

Primary dysmenorrhea are common menstrual cramps that are recurrent and do not result from other diseases. The pain usually begins 1 or 2 days before or when the menstrual cycle begins and is felt in the lower abdomen, back or thigh areas. The pain may be mild to severe, typically take 12 to 72 hours and may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, weakness and even diarrhea. Common menstrual cramps usually become less painful as a woman gets older and can stop completely if the woman has a baby.

Secondary dysmenorrhea is pain caused by a condition such as endometriosis, adenomyosis, uterine fibroids or infection in the female reproductive organs. Secondary dysmenorrhea pain usually begins earlier in the menstrual cycle and lasts longer than common cramps. Pain is usually not accompanied by nausea, vomiting, weakness or diarrhea.


Menstrual cramps are caused by contraction (squeezing) of a substance called prostaglandin in the uterus. The uterus, in which a baby grows, becomes narrower throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle. During menstruation, the uterus contractes more strongly. If the uterus contractes very strongly, it can pressurize the blood vessels of the uterus and cut off the oxygen supply to the uterine muscle tissue. Pain occurs when a part of the muscle loses its oxygen supply briefly.

How does secondary dysmenorrhea cause menstrual cramps?

Menstrual pain due to secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a disease in the woman’s reproductive organs. Conditions that may cause secondary dysmenorrhea:

Endometriosis: A condition where the uterus (endometrium) is outside the uterus.

Adenomyosis: A condition where the lining of the uterus grows towards the muscle of the uterus.

Pelvic inflammatory disease: An infection caused by bacteria that start in the uterus and can spread to other reproductive organs.

Cervical stenosis: narrowing of the opening opening to the uterus. 
Fibroids (benign tumors) – grow on the inner wall of the uterus.

Leave a reply