What is allergy, diagnosis and treatment?

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Allergy, in the general sense of the same amount and conditions that are harmless to other people against different impurities.

Allergy is the hypersensitivity of some people against different impurities that are harmless to other people in the same amount and condition in general. House dust mites, pollen, mold fungi, bacteria, feathers and epithelium of animals, some food proteins, insect poisons, substances are among the most common causes of allergy. Although allergy is thought to be genetically related, allergic reactions that are not normal can develop against various allergens during periods of weak body (such as pregnancy, disease). Allergic diseases are first shown by family physicians in the group of chronic diseases. These diseases are more than just a simple nasal discharge, they may have different symptoms that go up to children’s thinking disorder and minimal brain damage. In this article, what is allergen, symptoms, treatment,

What is allergies and why?

Our immune system provides a variety of reactions to protect our body from the nose, airways, intestines and foreign and harmful substances that enter our body. With these reactions, the immune system cells eliminate harmful substances or prevent them from entering the body. In allergy, the immune system is normally a little different from other substances that are not harmful to the body; however, it gives an excessive reaction which is harmful to the body.

The immune system follows two main defense pathways: the humoral response and the cellular response. Apart from humoral and cellular defense, there are special local defense mechanisms of the organs that are in direct contact with the external environment. There is a physiological and functional balance between the elements of the defense system in healthy people, but this balance is impaired in allergic patients.

Although genetic mechanisms have not been fully explained yet, allergic diseases show familial trends. Genetic factors and specific (allergens) or nonspecific (smoking, infections, exercise, psychological status, different treatment protocols, etc.).

Allergy Symptoms

In order to get answers to the question “What are the symptoms of allergy,” you need to know exactly what your body is allergic to. In addition, allergy symptoms may vary from person to person, and the severity of symptoms may vary. General allergy symptoms include itching, wheezing, shortness of breath, and swelling of the various parts of the body. Allergy symptoms are sometimes not seen for years, but some allergies may come back years later.

Allergy-causing substances and allergy causes

Allergens can be caused by natural environment or chemically contaminated environmental environment. Most of the allergens originating from the natural part form the group of respiratory allergens (house dust mites, pollen, mold fungus elements, bacteria, hair and epithelium of domestic animals, some food proteins, insect poisons).

These allergens are generally of high molecular weight protein structure. Allergens from contaminated environmental environment are smaller and have antigenic properties after binding to different proteins of the body (metals, drugs, food additives, latex, formaldehyde, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, industrial powders).

Treatment of allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is a symptomatic disease of the nose that occurs clinically after contact with the allergen as a result of IgE-mediated inflammation of the nasal membranes. Allergic rhinitis is a general public health problem affecting 30% of the population and its frequency is increasing. Allergic rhinitis is one of the most important causes of absenteeism in children. The inability to control symptoms leads to decreased quality of life, poor school performance and social activities. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis are important.

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