Eating disorders become a nightmare for parents during adolescence. In particular, girls may refuse to eat to lose weight, although they are not overweight. This is a challenging process for families. One of the most common eating disorders is anorexia neurosis (usually called anorexia).
WHAT IS ANOREKSIYA?
Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening severe eating disorder with abnormally low levels of body weight. Individuals with anorexia nervosa are extremely obsessed with being slender, and all are well below their normal weight. For people with anorexia it is always important to be very thin. Anorexia nervosa is commonly seen in young girls between 12-20 years of age. 90 percent of people with anorexia are women. The rate of general public opinion is 1-2 percent.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF ANORECTY?
● Excessive weight loss
● Irregular heart rhythm
● Sleep disorder (Insomnia)
● Decrease in testis ratio in men
● Woman irregularity or menstruation
● Dizziness and faintness
● Bluish color change in nails
● Thinning and reduction in hair
● Dry or yellowish skin
● Bone melting
● Swelling of the arm or legs
● Kidney problems
Emotional and behavioral symptoms:
● Continuous nutrition,
● Rejection of hunger,
● Fear of weight,
● Social life retreat,
● Depressive mood and depression.
WHEN SHOULD YOU APPLY THE DOCTOR FOR ANORECIA?
Anorexia is a lifelong disease like other eating disorders. People with anorexia refuse to be treated from the beginning of the disease. In addition to the physical and emotional symptoms of the person, it is necessary to consult a doctor if there is any suspicion of anorexia in the following cases:
● Skip the meal ,
● Reduce the portions of meals,
● Make excuses not to eat,
● Constantly calculate and feed the fat and calories of foods,
● Avoid delicious meals,
● weigh how many kilos are constantly,
● refuse to eat in public,
● mirror To control himself very often,
● To complain that he is overweight, no matter how thin,
● To hide the body by wearing a lot of clothes,
● To ignore the opinion of anyone about themselves.
REASONS OF ANOREXCIA
The cause of anorexia is unknown. Anorexia nervosa; It is formed by a combination of biological, psychological and environmental factors.
Biological factors: The effects of genes have not yet been determined among the causes of anorexia. But genes can make some people more vulnerable to anorexia. People with anorexia are often perfectionists, sensitive and self-conscious. This is indirectly related to genetic trends.
Psychological factors: Some emotional characteristics of the person may affect the development of anorexia. Being constantly depressed, the presence of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder can affect anorexia. These people may influence the anorexia by obsessing with their weight.
Environmental factors: The fact that being slim is fashioned by the society influences young people in adolescence. Being thin is seen as an advantage. The desire of the young people to resemble those of artists and models increases. Young people cannot accurately assess which genetic characteristics and family background they are and are obsessed with being slim. Anorexia is the third most common chronic disease among young people.
ANORECIA RISK FACTORS
● Being a woman,
● Being in adolescence,
● Genetic factors,
● Family history,
● Fast weight gain,
● Stay under the influence of popular culture.
Treatment of anorexia is long and difficult. People with anorexia usually do not go to treatment on their own. They come to psychiatrists as a result of the orientation of other physicians. In the treatment of anorexia, a trust relationship must be established between the person and the physician. Then, permanent and effective cooperation is activated. The physician establishes close contact with the patient himself and his family. The family’s dynamics and the detailed story of the person are taken. The cooperation of the family is extremely important. Depression is seen in 50-60% of people with anorexia. Drug treatment is planned by the physician for the treatment of body perception disorder and depression. Antidepressant drugs are used. Nutrition and weight gain in the person’s psychotherapy process takes place primarily. Emotional conflicts, concerns, and fears take the person’s relationship with the doctor more reliable.